The mycoses are caused by fungi and can be divided into superficial and deep. Superficial are those in which the fungus is located on the skin or around the hair, or the fungi penetrate only into the epidermis of the outer layer, the stratum corneum, or the roots of hair and nails.

Already in deep mycoses, parasites can infect the skin and internal organs such as the lungs, intestines, bones, nervous system and others.

To enter the body the fungus is spread by blood or lymphatic route.

The deep mycoses are obviously much more serious than the superficial and present aspects of particular incidence. Some types are found in all parts of the world and there are other ways, such as blastomycosis, more frequency of appearance in América do Sul.

Superficial mycoses are divided into two groups:

That which is located on the surface of the skin and hair, fungi derive their power remains or epithelial secretions.

The other group consists of diseases called Dermatomycoses and Dermatophytosis.

The specific Dermatomycoses are caused by fungi equipped with a special enzyme that can transform the keratin in food. Keratin is the main constituent substance of the horny layer of the epidermis, hair and nails.

Already Dermatophytosis's tail by dermatophytes fungi, classified into three genres:

Tricófitos, microspores and Epidermófitos.

Scalp ringworm appears as a rounded area with less hair, flaking and itching. commits more children, it is contagious and is manifested in community settings.

The treatment is systemic, oral, made by specialist.

The foot ringworm is fairly common, causing injuries such as blisters, peeling and intertrigo. The foot fungus is the clinical form of athlete's foot, or ringworm. The chilblain lesions are located between the toes, with pruritic and can be caused by dermatophytes of the genus Trichophyton or the candica albicans.

The nail mycosis is long and difficult treatment, because the fungus is well suited to toenails, causing thickening, and scaling yellowing of nails.

To avoid contamination you need:

* Keep the body clean and dry, especially feet, hands and recesses.

* Avoid walking barefoot in areas of common use, such as clubs and gyms

* Use weekly powders and lotions secativas containing antiseptic agents such as Triclosan, Triclorocarban, capryloyl glycine, essential oil of Melaleuca and thymol.

* Avoid sharing personal items such as nail clippers, brushes and combs, bushings and bath sponges.

See more at column "Dermatology experts of Bemstar" by Dr. Yara Figueiredo.